Dating glass by color archaeology
This tool-making technology was a more complex way of making stone tools than the earlier Oldowan technology.
The occurrence of silica-glass was documented for the first time by Patrick A. It is supposed, that on a plain of about 6500 km2 a mass of ~1400 tons of LDG is distributed.Also typical for tektite are spherical or drops - formed aerodynamic forms.There are however also differences between the LDG and the "classical" impact glasses, mainly by the chemistry. - "Abbreviation for the term Anno Domini Nostri Jesu Christi (or simply Anno Domini) which means ""in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ."" Years are counted from the traditionally recognized year of the birth of Jesus. E.)." Absolute Dating - Collective term for techniques that assign specific dates or date ranges, in calendar years, to artifacts and other archaeological finds.It was characterized by large bifaces, particularly hand axes.Venetian glassmakers were confined to the island of Murano, far out in the Venetian lagoon.
In academic, historical, and archaeological circles, A. Dates are determined by a variety of processes, including chemical analyses (as in radiocarbon dating and thermoluminescence), data correlation (as in dendrochronology), and a variety of other tests. Acheulean - A stone tool industry, in use from about 1.6 million years ago until 125,000 years ago.
Discover the tantalizing true stories behind your favorite colors.
For example: Cleopatra used saffron—a source of the color yellow—for seduction.
Buff terracotta construction, nicely painted with geometric designs and stylized sea birds. The rim is decorated with angular and circular forms thought to represent sea dwellers. Ai Apaec is shown here wearing a jaguar headdress and serpent waist wrap (belt). It depicts a standing figure wearing a large, elaborate headdress with two suspension holes, mantle and loin cloth. — Peru 900 BC - 200 BC A large Chavin bottle (vessel) from the northern highlands of ancient Peru, dating to the Formative Period. The blades flare at the end to crescent shape and a sharp edge. Painted overall in an orange-red slip with cream details, topped by a wide flared spout. See Donnan's "Moche Portraits" Page 40, Figure 3.26 for a similar example. Light surface wear, some chipping, minor erosion and paint loss present. Painted overall with a purple-brown color and an orange-red slip on the spout. Breaks to the legs and minor losses replaced as is typical. One chamber is topped by a long straight spout, the other has a standing figure shown drinking from a kero. Both ear spools and small headdress losses have been replaced. The plate is displayed on a custom metal stand which is included as shown. Each jaguar head has circular openings facing inward and pairs of elongated oval (slots) near the top. — West Mexico 100 BC - 250 AD A medium-large redware phytomorphic vessel from the Colima region of ancient West Mexico. Sometimes referred to as corn-poppers based on their form, they were actually used as ceremonial water dippers by the ancient Moche. $650 — Peru 400 AD - 700 AD A nice Moche pottery trumpet from ancient Peru, dating to Phase IV. The long, hollow tubular body is curved (looped) at the top, ending with the mouth-piece. Bi-chrome painted in red and cream with three sets of chevrons radiating outward from the center along with pairs of wavy lines. Displays well on the custom metal stand which is included as shown. The sides are nearly vertical and flare slightly at the rim. $2400 — Costa Rica - Panama 1000 AD - 1500 AD An adorable bird vessel from the border area of Costa Rica and Panama (Diquis Zone) dating to the Chirique Phase, Period VI. It depicts a seated figure with hands resting on the knees, polychrome painted with linear designs in shades of red and brown against a cream ground. $250 — Ecuador 300 BC - 300 AD An unusual avian motif pottery rattle sculpture from the Manabi Province of ancient Ecuador. Some light surface wear, scrapes and minor imperfections as would be expected. See Klein and Cevallos "Ecuador - The Secret Art of Pre Columbian Ecuador" for additional scholarly information on ancient Manteno art and culture. A very diverse grouping with examples ranging from the early cultures of Mexico, down through Central America to later cultures of Peru. — Peru 1200 BC - 1000 BC A superb, early Chavin (most likely Pre-Chavin) stone mirror. The finely detailed figure is shown wearing elaborate regalia, large crescent headdress, ear spools with long tassels, tunic and loin cloth. Some light paint enhancements, otherwise all original and completely intact. Although moderately restored, it is a lovely example. As is often seen in Cocle art, these stylized creatures combine serpent, bird and other elements. $650 — Mexico 400 AD - 650 AD Three pottery bowls from Teotihuacan, Mexico. A few small cracks have been stabilized and restored. Considerable dendrites and other deposits present throughout. Hembrough Collection of Illinois Approx 11.5" across x 4" tall $550 — West Mexico 200 BC - 200 AD A large incensario cover from the Michoacan region of Western Mexico. Has small rim chips - $75 3) Medium tripod (right) - Approx. Lovely bowl with rattle legs and in perfect condition - $200 Priced individually or $450 for all three — Ecuador 3000 BC - 2500 BC Hacha 1 (left). Very unusual in that it depicts a person lying prone on their stomach.
Vessels of this type were used to store and transport liquids such as water and corn beer (Chicha). See Christopher Donnan's "Ceramics of Ancient Peru" page 103 for a very similar example and additional information. Highly burnished brown-ware construction with scattered deposits. Assembled from several large pieces with restored break lines. He is grasping his opponent and wields a tumi knife. He is also adorned with very large ear spools and labret (lip plug). An elegant form with a wide flat base, the body has slightly rounded sides that slope gently to a tall tapering neck and spout with a flared rim. Both show signs of extensive use and have darkened patinas. The break lines have been restored and light paint enhancements, but is otherwise original and complete. The figure wears a headdress that contains the whistle. $550 — Costa Rica 1000 AD - 1400 AD Large human effigy figure from Costa Rica's Atlantic Watershed region, carved from tan colored lavastone. Light deposits along with minor scrapes and dings, all consistent with age. They have large eyes and noses along with open-work mouths showing teeth. Prichett - Jacksonville, Florida who purchased them from the previous owner, Hartwell Kennard of Mc Allen, Texas in 1972. — Costa Rica 400 AD - 800 AD Three rare pottery pestles from Costa Rica's Atlantic Watershed Region. Vessel #3, Right - Incised sunburst design around the upper shoulder. Restored neck break and restored stress cracks on the lower body. This olla-form vessel is a stylized cactus showing a wide band of raised ribs and nodes sculpted around the midsection. The body is rounded, angles sharply at the shoulder and tapers toward the neck, then flares gently to a wide spout. This example is beautifully painted using the fine-line method in shades of red against a tan/cream background. The bottom tapers gently and is slightly flared at the end. The shallow bowl sits on three pointy, hollow legs containing rattles. A three-inch section of the rim has been restored along with one leg. Large, hollow ball-shaped feet are slotted diagonally. Well sculpted in the form of a stylized bird with wings in high relief tucked to the sides. The eyes, nose and mouth are in high relief along with large circular ear spools. Originally acquired in 1972 from Hartwell Kennard of Mc Allen, Texas. 5" tall x 3.75" across $275 — Peru 100 AD - 400 AD A Nazca pottery bowl with geometric designs. It depicts three birds perched upon conjoined spheres. Burnished redware surface with a few areas of fire clouding. It has never been overly cleaned and still shows ample deposits along with earthen encrustation in the crevices. Just over 11" tall x 6" across $1400 — Costa Rica 300 AD - 700 AD Tripod vessels from the Atlantic Watershed region of Costa Rica. Sizes range from very small to tiny with various types of surfaces; polychromes, blackwares, red and orange wares, etc. Additional provenance and info (specific cultures and dates) on each piece will be provided to the buyer. 1.25" tall to 2.25" tall $1850 — Peru 650 AD - 800 AD A nice Wari (Huari) vessel from ancient Peru. $200 each or $550 for all three — Ecuador 300 BC - 400 AD An unusual Jama Coaque figure from ancient Ecuador. This very rare mirror dates to the Wairajirca-Kotosh Period. His arms are raised in a gesture which indicates he is in an induced state of shamanic transformantion. The fruits are accented with red and black stripes delicately painted over a backround of cream slip. Condition is somewhat poor with moderate to heavy restoration. All are brownware terracotta and are nicely burnished. — Mexico 600 AD - 900 AD A nice Classic Period Maya rattle figure from Jaina Island, gulf coast of Campeche, Mexico. A very fine and unusual example that displays impressively! $3250 — West Mexico 300 BC - 300 AD Small Colima pottery olla from Western Mexico. A few cracks around the midsection have been stabilized and restored, otherwise intact. It is topped by a heavily adorned female figure wearing ear spools, necklace and decorative headband. Elegant form with rattle legs and only minor repairs - $250 2) Small tripod (left) - Approx. Nicely carved from greenish-gray stone with earthen deposits. The head is tilted upward and hands to their chest.
Please ask if you would like additional photos or more in-depth descriptions. All items being offered on this website have appropriate provenance and are legal to buy and own under the United States statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, Chapter 14. It is quite remarkable that this very large vessel has never been broken. Originally acquired by Chris at a charity auction in Pasadena, CA in the 1970s. These Inca examples are all of similar shape and made of hammered copper. Ample deposits present; a few small areas of white caliche encrustation on one side. Their art shows strong Olmec and Tlatilco influence as is seen in the prominent lips and pierced eyes. A nice example from one of Mesoamerica's earliest cultures. The top section is divided into quadrants each with a central figure. The spout is in the form of a penis with the strap handle attached to the side. One whistle has been returned to working order, the other is non-functioning. The Abrams made their fortune in the publishing business and were avid collectors of fine art and artifacts. Much of their collection was donated to numerous museums. Constructed of reddish earthenware covered overall in a cream slip with red, orange and black painted designs, typical of the type. Approx 4.5" tall x 6.5" across $475 — West Mexico 200 BC - 100 AD A Chinesco seated female figure from the Nayarit region of Western Mexico. The two shown here are incomplete; each is missing a portion of one side. The beaded feather assemblages are repeated along the top of the headdress along with tassels and circular appliques with carved geometric designs. In one hand is a spherical object, likely representing a pottery vessel. $600 — Ecuador 300 BC - 500 AD A Bahia vessel from ancient Ecuador. $600 — El Salvador 400 AD - 700 AD A Maya glyph bowl dating to the Classic Period. Both arms are extended upward in a welcoming gesture. $2400 — Peru 900 AD - 1200 AD A Chancay woven textile panel from ancient Peru. The central image is divided by a red band, half in a curving serpent-like design, the other half in a basket-weave pattern. The lower half of the vessel has incised geometric designs known as the 'flame-brow' motif. The flame-brow design originated on Olmec pottery from approximately 1000 years earlier and has also been seen on Maya vessels of eastern Mesoamerica. The surface is an orange buff terracotta with a few areas of fire clouding. A superb example that is larger than most of this type and displays dramatically. An incredibly rare matched set that are massive in size. This very thin-walled vessel shows expert craftsmanship; exceptional construction and is nicely painted with red linear designs against a golden yellow ground. The rounded spherical lower chamber sits on pointy, cone-shaped tripod legs. Surface shows minor wear and paint loss with light erosion, all consistent with age. Large figures of shamans, such as this one, are indicative of their high status in Jamacoaque culture and are often depicted displaying their ceremonial paraphernalia as symbols of power. There are light stains (sticker residue) on both sides. Included is a small, but lovely Maya stone celt, also from the Classic Period. Pendant - Approx 6" tall x 3.5" across x .25" thick. Celt - 1.75" long x 1.25" across x 3/8" thick $475 for both — Costa Rica 200 AD - 600 AD Two Costa Rican Axe God celts (pendants) from the Guanacaste/Nicoya region. It depicts an anthropomorphic figure with hands across the chest. Just under 9" across x 3" tall $750 — Costa Rica 1200 AD - 1500 AD Large Costa Rican "Castillo Incised" blackware tripod rattle vessel dating to the Late Period. $950 — Costa Rica 400 AD - 700 AD Very large Costa Rican tripod rattle vessel from the Central Highlands - Atlantic Watershed Zone, dating to Period IV-V.